A biologically inspired translation model for proprioceptive sensory information was developed. The translation is achieved implementing a computational model of neural activity of type Ia and type II sensory fibers connected to muscle spindles. The model also includes activity of both static and dynamic gamma-motoneurons, that provide fusimotor activation capable of regulating the sensitivity of the proprioceptive feedback, through the contraction of specific intrafusal fibers (Proske, 19971).
The proposed model is an extension of a state-of-the art computational models of muscle spindle activity (Mileusnic, 20062). The model developed by Mileusnic and colleagues, albeit complete and validated against neuroscientific data, was completely rate based, thus it was modified in order to be integrated in a spiking neural network simulation. In particular, a spike integration technique was employed to compute fusimotor activation and the generated rate was used to generate spike trains.
The proprioceptive model is implemented on NEST (code available here), in order to provide an easy integration inside the NRP, and on SpiNNaker, for supporting real-time robotic applications. The proposed component can be coupled to both biomechanical models, like musculo-skeletal systems, and common robotic platforms (via suitable conversions from encoder values to simulated muscle length). In particular, this model will be used, as part of CDP1, to provide sensory feedback from the virtual mouse body.
Results of this work have been published in this article:
Vannucci, Lorenzo, Egidio Falotico, and Cecilia Laschi. “Proprioceptive Feedback through a Neuromorphic Muscle Spindle Model.” Frontiers in Neuroscience 11 (2017): 341.
1 Proske, U. (1997). The mammalian muscle spindle. Physiology, 12(1), 37-42.
2 Mileusnic, M. P., Brown, I. E., Lan, N., & Loeb, G. E. (2006). Mathematical models of proprioceptors. I. Control and transduction in the muscle spindle. Journal of neurophysiology, 96(4), 1772-1788.